In the center of Budapest, on the edge of the former historical center of Pest there is a territory with narrow streets in the form of a triangle. This area is associated with the best and at the same time the saddest epochs of the Budapest Jewish community: the rapid flowering, the construction of beautiful synagogues in the middle of the XIX century, and the persecution in the 20th century with the culmination - the creation of a ghetto. This quarter is the main "scene" of the history of Budapest Jewry.
The Great Synagogue
One of the main tourist attractions in the Jewish Quarter of Budapest is the Great Synagogue, the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world after the synagogue of Emmanuel in New York. This spectacular Moorish-style building was designed by three architects. The task was difficult - to place the synagogue and the community office on an asymmetric plot of land. As a result, it turned out to be one of the most beautiful synagogues in the world, which was later copied in New York.
The neighboring building is a museum that houses the Jewish Religious and Historical Collection. The museum exposition is mostly represented by photographs of the Holocaust, but there are also a lot of ceremonial accessories and objects of worship collected not only in different parts of Hungary, but also from other countries of the world. The Dohány Street Synagogue complex includes the Great Synagogue, the Heroes' Temple, the graveyard, the Raoul Wallenberg Memorial Park and the Jewish Museum.
The centerpiece of the Holocaust Memorial Park is the Tree of Life - a weeping willow constructed out of aluminum, the leaves of which are engraved with the names of Hungarian victims of the Holocaust.
The Murals of Downtown Budapest
Between the beginning of August and the end of September of the year 2014, ten building walls around central Pest were decorated with amazing oversized paintings by diverse street artists as part of Budapest’s Színes Város Festival. During the festival 13 street artists from Hungary and not only used around 2,000 liters of paint to enhance the downtown walls. The upper picture displays the mural created by Richárd Orosz, entitled “Budapest isn’t so small”. It encourages tourists to discover Budapest at a deeper level, beyond the downtown party core.
The Museum of Applied Arts
What really attracts you first about the Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest is its impressive unique architecture in the Art Nouveau style. Its architects Ödön Lechner and Gyula Pártos tried hard to turn this building into a real architectural masterpiece. The mosaic green roof, motifs of Hungarian ceramics, as well as Islamic and Hindu motifs give this building a special beauty and distinguish it from the background of other architectural buildings in Budapest.
The museum's stunning central hall of white marble was supposedly modeled on the Alhambra in Spain. The interior evokes oriental splendor, with glass-roofed halls surrounded by two-storey arcades.
Opened in 1896, this museum has a rich collection, the exhibits of which will give you a lot of interesting information about the history and culture of Hungary and many other European countries. In the Museum of Applied Arts there are several permanent exhibitions. Thematic temporary exhibitions are also regularly arranged here. Each exhibit of the museum has a huge historical and cultural significance, but one of the most interesting expositions of the museum is righteously considered the Hall of Oriental Art, in which each visitor can see a unique collection of luxurious oriental carpets and tapestries. Separate attention deserves the hall, which houses a rich collection of European arts and crafts. Here you can see luxurious examples of furniture, textiles, as well as amazing glass and ceramic items.
I hope you enjoyed the post and found the information useful. Let me know which are your favorite spots in Budapest in the comments bellow!